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History of Ukrainians in Canada

Oleksandr (Sasha) Kondrashov

Last Updated: January 2021

Ukrainians in Canada: Community Learning Course Winter 2021 Offering

Zoom Registration Link https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZMlcumoqDotE9Z1c-YS3XyE7bG6ID-wR-Sc

Course Overview

Two thousand twenty-one marks the 130th year of Ukrainian immigration to Canada. This community learning course is an opportunity to celebrate the life of Ukrainian People in Canada. At TRU this course will be offered to community members free of charge as part of the TRU 50th Gifts of Learning celebration. Social work students at TRU can receive three credit hours. They need to enroll in the SOCW 4900 Directed Studies course on Social Work with Selected Newcomers Populations: Ukrainians in Canada, receive approval from the chair, the dean and complete course assignments during the winter 2020 term.  If your university is willing to offer the course, please contact Dr. Oleksandr (Sasha) Kondrashov. We can discuss opportunities available to make the course accessible to students in Canada, Ukraine and globally.

Who will benefit from taking the course?

The course can benefit anyone interested to learn about the history of immigration in Canada using examples from Canadian-Ukrainian communities. Those who identify as Canadian-Ukrainian will have an opportunity to explore their roots through the use of readings, live discussions, research and connection with fellow community members. Members of all ethnic groups will benefit from taking the course and compare their experiences to those shared during the course. The course will create a space to collect resources and celebrate Ukrainian-Canadians’ lives in the last 130 years. We will hear stories about multiple forms of oppression that people of Ukraine experience in Ukraine and Canada and how they overcome challenges and build communities across Canada to strengthen their Ukrainian-Canadian identities. The course is a celebration of stories from Ukrainians in Canada from all waves of immigration. Anyone can join live classes and choose to attend all or selected topics. If anyone wants to become a guest speaker and share their life story, please feel free to contact Dr. Oleksandr (Sasha) Kondrashov, and we will find a way that your story will become part of the course.

Syllabus

Course description

The course will survey several central themes in Ukrainians’ history in Canada from the initial immigration in the 1890s to the present. These themes will be explored in the context of both the Ukrainian and Canadian historical backgrounds. Emphasis will be on nature and elements in integrating this large ethnic group into Canadian society, exploring landmark events in the past 130 years affecting this process. Social work students will have an opportunity to address social policy, and practice concerns that affect the Ukrainian-Canadian population using the community members’ historical and current experiences.

Course Learning Objectives

Upon completion of the course, you should be able to:

  • Identify the ways of Ukrainian immigration to Canada
  • Examine socioeconomic and social-cultural adaptation experiences of Ukrainian immigrants in Canada
  • Describe the role of community in Ukrainian-Canadian history
  • Analyze the impact of prominent Ukrainian-Canadians in the historical development of community in Canada
  • Recognize concerns that members of the Ukrainian-Canadian community are faced with and find ways to address them.

Course materials

Required Textbook

There is no required textbook for the course. A list of suggested weekly readings and a bibliography will be provided. Students are expected to read assigned articles/chapters, complete weekly activities and participate in course discussions every week.

Readings

Aponiuk, N. (2015). Ukrainian Canadians, Canada, Ukraine, and the popular imagination. Canadian Ethnic Studies47(4), 1-10.

Bohatyrets, V. (2017). Ukrainian Canadians’ Tremendous Contributions to a Mosaic Canadian Society (in the Context of Celebrating Their 125th Settling in Maple Leaf Country). ІсторикоПолітичні Проблеми Сучасного Світу, 33–34, 33–39. https://doi.org/10.31861/mhpi2016.33-34.33-39

Carment, D., Nikolko, M., & MacIsaac, S. (2020). Mobilizing diaspora during crisis: Ukrainian diaspora in Canada and the intergenerational sweet spot. Diaspora Studies, 1-23.

Cipko, S. (1991). In search of a new home: Ukrainian emigration patterns between the two world wars. Journal of Ukrainian studies16(1), 3.

Dench, J. (n.d.). A hundred years of immigration to Canada 1900 – 1999. Retrieved from https://ccrweb.ca/en/hundred-years-immigration-canada-1900-1999

Gulka-Tiechko, M. (1991). Ukrainian Immigration to Canada under the Railways Agreement, 1925-30. Journal of Ukrainian Studies, 16(1), 29.

Hinther, R. L. (2007). Raised in the Spirit of the class Struggle: children, Youth, and the Interwar Ukrainian Left in canada. Labour/Le Travail, 43-76.

Hudyma, K. (2011). Ukrainian language in Canada: From prosperity to extinction?. Working Papers of the Linguistics Circle21(1), 181-189.

Katchanovski, I., Kohut, Z. E., Nebesio, B. Y., & Yurkevich, M. (2013). Historical dictionary of Ukraine. Scarecrow Press. (Chronology). Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256373759_Historical_Dictionary_of_Ukraine

Kondrashov, O. (2008). An exploratory study of the fourth wave Ukrainian immigration in Winnipeg: Problems and perspectives of immigrants’ adaptation. Unpublished MSW thesis, University of Manitoba. Retrieved online from http://mspace.lib.umanitoba.ca/handle/1993/8039 (Chapter 2)

Kondrashov, O. (2020). Famous Ukrainian Canadians Видатні Українці Канади. Youtube Playlist. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLBkb7GcuZ8m_QPYsW59Zprqmjk1W3JCPx

Kuromiya, H. (2015). Ukraine and Eurasian History in the Twentieth Century. Harvard Ukrainian Studies34(1/4), 195-213.

Lalande, J. (2006a). Building a Home Abroad–A Comparative Study of Ukrainian Migration, Immigration Policy and Diaspora Formation in Canada and Germany after the Second World War. (chapter 3 and 5). Retrieved from https://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/bitstream/ediss/1696/1/Lalande_Dissertation_2006.pdf

Lalande, J. (2006b). The Roots of Multiculturalism-Ukrainian-Canadian Involvement in the Multiculturalism Discussion of the 1960s as an Example of the Position of the” Third Force”. Canadian Ethnic Studies38(1), 47.

Ledohowski, L. A. (2008). Canadian Cossacks: Finding Ukraine in Fifty Years of Ukrainian-Canadian Literature in English (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://diasporiana.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/books/12772/file.pdf  (conclusion).

Lehr, J. (1978). The process and pattern of Ukrainian rural settlement in Western Canada, 1891-1914. Retrieved from https://mspace.lib.umanitoba.ca/bitstream/handle/1993/3525/Lehr%2C%20The%20Process.pdf?sequence=1 (introduction and conclusion)

Lynn, S. M. (2014). Ethnic identity discourses of recent Ukrainian immigrants to Canada: Interactions between new Ukrainian-Canadians and the established Ukrainian-Canadian diaspora. Retrieved from https://era.library.ualberta.ca/items/5444b331-e92d-401b-ab20-e2ef97cbe944/view/1e9616b1-d294-493c-a99c-dbe11d63ee42/Lynn_Susanna_M_201409_MA-20.pdf (Chapter 4 and conclusion)

Martynovych, O. (1991). Ukrainian-Canadian History, 1891– Present: A List of English-language Secondary Sources (Monographs, Book chapters, Collections, Articles). Retrieved from https://umanitoba.ca/faculties/arts/departments/ukrainian_canadian_studies/media/Ukrainian_Canadian_History_biblio.pdf

Nedashkivska, A. (2018). Identity in Interaction: Language Practices and Attitudes of the Newest Ukrainian Diaspora in Canada. East/West: Journal of Ukranian Studies5(2).

Rudling, P. A. (2020). Long-Distance Nationalism: Ukrainian Monuments and Historical Memory in Multicultural Canada. In Public Memory in the Context of Transnational Migration and Displacement (pp. 95-126). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Satzewich, V., Isajiw, W. W., & Duvalko, E. (2006). Social networks and the occupational settlement experiences of recent immigrants from Ukraine in Toronto. Journal of Ukrainian Studies31(1/2), 1.

Senkus, R. (2018). Ukrainian Studies in Canada Since the 1950s: An Introduction. East/West: Journal of Ukrainian Studies5(1), 3-7.

Wayland, S. V. (1997). Immigration, multiculturalism and national identity in Canada. International Journal on Minority and Group Rights5(1), 33-58.

Required hardware

You are required to have a headset (with attached microphone) for live Zoom connections. Computer microphones tend to capture background noise, which significantly reduces audio quality.

Topics

  • Waves of Ukrainian immigration to Canada over 125+ years: Socioeconomic and Socio-Cultural Integration
  • Push Factors: History of Ukraine and factors that influence the decision to immigrate to Canada
  • Pull Factors: History of Canada and its immigration policy to attract immigrants 
  • Prominent Ukrainian Canadians
  • First Wave of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socioeconomic and Socio-Cultural Experiences (1896-1917)
  • Second Wave of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socioeconomic and Socio-Cultural Experiences (1918-1940)
  • Third Wave of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socioeconomic and Socio-Cultural Experiences 1: DP and UCC (1941-1960)
  • Third Wave of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socioeconomic and Socio-Cultural Experiences 2: Multiculturalism (1961-1990)
  • Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Waves of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socioeconomic and Socio-Cultural Experiences: (1991-present)
  • Ukrainian-Canadian Literature and Language Across Waves of Immigration
  • Ukrainian-Canadian History Concerns
  • The future of Ukrainian Canadian Diaspora

General class format

In this course, we take an adult education approach to learning, i.e., students are responsible for the pace and amount of reading and extra research they do as well as attendance at all scheduled web conferences. Students are further responsible for raising issues or problems with their learning with the course instructor. Students are also expected to participate in the course activities so that knowledge is shared, reflected, questioned, and debated respectfully.

Course Schedule

WeekDatesTopic(s) Required ReadingsAssignments
 January 9Community Course IntroductionsNone 
1January 16Waves of Ukrainian immigration to Canada over 125+ years: Socio-Economic and Socio-Cultural IntegrationChapter 2 from Kondrashov (2008); Martynovych (1991); Senkus (2018).   
2January 23Push Factors: History of Ukraine and factors that influence the decision to immigrate to CanadaKuromiya (2015). Katchanovski,Kohut, Nebesio, and Yurkevich, (2013). (Chronology) 
3January 30Pull Factors: History of Canada and its immigration policy to attract immigrants Wayland (1997); Dench (n.d.)Three minute Video presentation. Canadian-Ukrainian Profile is Due  
4February 6Prominent Ukrainian Canadians: 3M Video PresentationsKondrashov (2020). Aponiuk (2015); Bohatyrets (2017); Rudling (2020).Canadian-Ukrainian Profile is Due
5February 13First Wave of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socio-Economic and Socio-Cultural Experiences (1896-1917)Lehr (1978) Introduction and Conclusion 
6February 20Second Wave of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socio-Economic and Socio-Cultural Experiences (1918-1940)Cipko (1991); Gulka-Tiechko, M. (1991); Hinther (2007).Class Project Part 1 is due  
7February 27Third Wave of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socio-Economic and Socio-Cultural Experiences 1: DP and UCC (1941-1960)Chapter 3 and 5 from Lalande (2006a)Class Project Part 1 is due
8March 6Third Wave of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socio-Economic and Socio-Cultural Experiences 2: Multiculturalism (1961-1990)Chapter 6 from Lalande (2006a); Lalande (2006b) 
9March 13Fourth, Fifth and Sixth? Waves of Ukrainian Immigration to Canada: Socio-Economic and Socio-Cultural Experiences: (1991-present)Nedashkivska (2018); Satzewich,  Isajiw,and Duvalko, (2006). 
10March 20Ukrainian-Canadian Literature and Language Across Waves of ImmigrationHudyma (2011); Ledohowski (2008). Conclusion. 
11March 27Ukrainian-Canadian Concerns: Poster PresentationsChapter 4 and 5 from Kondrashov (2008);Class Project Part 2 is due
12April 3The future of Ukrainian Canadian DiasporaChapter 4 and conclusion from Lynn (2014); Carment, Nikolko, & MacIsaac (2020).Poster Video Presentation. Class Project Part 2 is due
  Check your final grades: Two weeks after the last day of classes.  

Course Materials: Google Drive

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