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11.11 at 11:11 in Canada in six time zones there is a yearly opportunity for everyone to reflect the meaning of Remembrance Day. Every human being on this planet is affected by the war in one way or another. The recognition of sacrifice and acts of courage of those who bring peace to others should always be remembered and never forgotten. Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it.
Remembrance Day is an everyday reminder that human beings need to learn from history to not forget the tragedies of others. The history repeats itself, and in 2018 many people are still fighting to protect their homes, families, neighbours, and communities. Others are leaving their homes, families, neighbours, and communities to find asylum/refuge in new places internally and outside of their home countries. There are also those who are directly or indirectly supporting warfare, by continuously colonizing human spaces around the world, those who see the war as an opportunity to test new weapons, create more fear and insecurity on this planet and benefit financially from other human’s tragedies.
World War 1 ended on November 11, 1918, when the armistice was signed by Germany and the Allies at Compiègne, France. 2018 is a 100 anniversary year reminder about the War to End All Wars. However, a world where peace and love, not violence and hate, overcame differences, a world where all people were treated as equals, a world where justice always prevailed is still work in progress. Peace is a work in progress.
What needs to be built to create peace? This year I visited Belfast (Northern Ireland) where Peace Walls were built as a peace-keeping measure. Walls do not build peace; they simply separate people and ideas. While the reasons for conflict are numerous, there is one certainty—that the only way to build peace in this world is to build bridges, not walls, among people by working together. The connection among people can help us to build peace. Let’s keep building bridges and finding ways to share resources, to love and care for others.
Lest We Forget!
Language creation is an interesting process and I use language learning as a way of self-care and relaxation. I have compiled some of the tautograms and alliteration examples from languages I can fluently speak (English and Ukrainian). If you know other examples in Ukrainian and English let me know and I will add them to the list. If you also like to learn languages let me know and we can learn together.
Wikipedia defines alliteration as
“Alliteration is a figure of speech and a stylistic literary device that is identified by the repeated sound of the first or second letter in a series of words, or the repetition of the same letter sounds in stressed syllables of a phrase. “Alliteration” is from the Latin word littera, meaning “letter of the alphabet”; it was first coined in a Latin dialogue by the Italian humanist Giovanni Pontano in the 15th century”.
A tautogram is ddefined by Wikipedia as
“A tautogram (Greek: tauto gramma, “same letter”) is a text in which all words start with the same letter. Historically, tautograms were mostly poetical forms. The difference between a tautogram and alliteration is that tautograms are a written, visual phenomenon, whereas alliterations are a phonetic one. Most cases of alliteration are also tautograms, though certainly not all since different letters can frequently take on the same sound (e.g., circle segment or Catcher Ken). Similarly, most tautograms are also alliterations, although exceptions exist when using letters with multiple pronunciations (e.g., crazy child or pneumatic plate)”.
Here are some examples of English language alliterations (tautograms) from borednbootless blog
Absolutely. Assembling an appropriate answer appears achievable, assuming an articulate author appropriately adept at alliteration.
Behold, by being brave, but besides boldness by brainstorming before beginning, broadcasting brief blurbs becomes bizarre but basic babbling.
Continuing, casual crowd commenters can concur, collectively checking current compositional constraints controlling character choice, concerning certain crackpot creative chores, chiefly claiming common cunning’s compelled conclusion, comprising conjectured chore conquerable (circumstantially) carrying clear caveats cautioning care, considering calling colossal commitments complete cinch could convey controversial cool confidence.
Don’t dare doubt David’s diligence doing deeds demanding deft, devious design, dear discussion denizen, deeming dogged determination doesn’t darken David’s door; during diction’s driest drudgery, despite delightful daydreams delaying development, destiny’s death-defying daredevil detail deviser dodges despair, denying defeat, displaying devotion demonstrating dreary deliberation doubles daft drama’s devastating dynamic disposition, dovetailing directly.
English enthusiasts eagerly envision enhanced emotional elevation, exceeding even existing examples’ elicited elation, encountering each ensuing eccentric exercise, ergo everyone’s esteemed enlisted essayist (enchanted!) ensures each exquisite excerpt exhibits explosive expressive efficacy evincing either excruciating editing effort, extreme endurance, engineering excellence, etc., else elemental extemporaneous effervescence, entertaining enough except — explaining earnestly — entailing eventual emergency; essentially, endorsing ever-escalating elaborate experimentation encourages extravagant excesses, especially emphasizing expectations encompassing elusive execution extending established events — exclusively employing equal everyday emblems (E’s, e.g.) embodying each emblem ensemble’s earlier end (elsewhere enunciated easily) — evaluating endowing entirely equivalent eloquence eternally, envisaging electronic education’s emerging endeavor enjoying eight, eleven, even eighteen entries, exploits experts empirically estimate expending extra-Einstein egghead energy engendering environmentally evil, Earth-exposing exhaled exhaust emissions.
Five funny features feel fairly finished for forum fodder, foolish followers falsely fancy, for failing further focus fueling full foresight, fellow fiction fanciers frankly forget fundamental facts framing fruits from frenzied freelancing, for first fragments flowing from frantic freshman fingers frequently fall flat, forming forced, flawed fakeries feigning fluency, faded facsimiles fractionally fitting for fatuous Facebook flapdoodle, familiar formulaic fragments famously fouling friends’ feeds; fine, for furthermore, fascinatingly, first forays facing far-flung fringe frontiers, finding faith’s fortitude ferociously fighting formidable foes — fear, frustration, flaky functioning, foot fungus — forge foundations for future feats, figurative furniture for fortune’s foyer, faintly favoring fantastic fairytale fate, fervently foremost finally finishing forever.
Good grief, getting gobsmacked glimpsing great glory gushing goofy gibberish generates growing gaiety, gladdening geekery’s gracious groupie (greetings), generally greasing God’s genetically ghostwritten gearbox governing giddiness gainsaying glumness: graphically, guts, glands — generously, gantries guiding glowing glee grains granting genuine giggles, graceful gadgets guarding geniality’s green garden gate; gobbledygook, gentle guy/girl gathering: grin given glimmering gold; gasp gratuitously guzzling glittery glamor (greedily, gilded gramophones gurgling garbled Gangnam getting groovy gyrating go-go gals gamely gesturing galloping); groan giant, guttural groans given glaringly glib games, gross grammatical goulash, gloppy gumbo grouping gimmicks galore: gawk ish gymnasts gliding gallantly, gingerly grasping gigantic grotesque gorillas; guileless genius guaranteeing gullible gala-goers grimy garbage garnering ghastly grapevine gossip (galling grieving geriatrics gripping geraniums gentrifying grandpa’s grave); ghoulish gory galleries giving grimacing guests grisly gas, grunting gruffly: go gag gobbling grass, goddamn gibbon, get gone guilty gent, git!
Huge hits have historically harbored hidden hazards, hysterical hordes hardly heeding how habitually heaping honors hyping his Holiness, Harry Harangue-Hatcher, hollering, “Hip hip, hooray! Hail Hypertext Highway’s happening hack!” heavily heightens his hedonism, hubris, head hugeness — harsh harbingers hurling humanity’s hardiest hero hellward, hereafter helming his hapless human husk haunting Hades’s hallmark hot haze, heckling Halloween’s hideous headless horseman (hefting his hollow head), harassing Hitler’s hired Holocaust henchmen, hassling ham-handed helicopter handlers — hopefully, hypothetically, having hardcore horizontal hugs holding his horny, high-heeled hourglass honey (he handily helped hang her hemp Hawaiian hammock), heartland’s “happy” housewife humbling hotel heiress Hilton, heinously having hated her husband’s horsey hee-haw “hello,” his hundred horrible hay howls hammering her homicidal; however, have heart, huddled hint hobbyists, hearkening how hallowed hieroglyphs hurtling hence harmonize hypnotically, heaven’s harps highlighting how hyperactive hippocampus hockey heaves hilarious harvested hash — healthy herbs healing hungry humor hankerings.
It is intriguing, if I innocently introspect, inquiring into industriousness, imagining isolating its ingredients, i.e. internal impetuses instrumental in inspiring indefinite intransigence in inking inane, ignoble illustrations (illuminating immoderate idiom’s indomitable impetuosity, its irrepressible impishness, in infinite iterations), intently ignoring indolent inclinations inducing interest in idly inspecting Internet idiocy instead — insouciantly ingesting incessant immature innuendos insulting impromptu interactive images, inevitably imbibing insipid informational items interpreting important issues incorrectly; if indeed impressive inner influences in here in intrepidly indulging improbable initiatives, I informally identify: idiosyncratic innate impulses involving inflexible ideals; incurable insomnia; iron intestinal integrity; insufficiently inebriated introversion; indubitably, intellectual imperative imitating insecure icicles in impaling indifferent inactivity.
Jumping Jehoshaphat, J’s jaunty jangle jovially jolts jaded jargon junkies, justifying judicious juggling joining jocose journal jottings; judging Job’s Judaic journey jejune, jamming jousts (jointly, jabs) jeopardizing joyful June/July junctures — just jubilate, juvenile jacking jumbo Jamba Juice jugs joking jumbled jingles jollify jail’s jeering junior janitors.
Knucklehead knaves karate-kicking King Kong’s kidneys kneel, kindred kibitzers, keenly knowing kempt knights knead keyboards, knitting kooky keynotes — kerosene kinetically kindling kinky kittens’ kisses, kiddingly kidnapping Kim Kardashian’s kingdom keys, knotting klutzy Kanye’s knickers; knappish killjoys, kowtow: kryptonite k-key knacks keep knowledge-knockers knackered.
Look lively, listless language lovers, learning lame lulls lack lasting legitimacy lessening lofty literature’s lumbering, lurching locomotion; leaving Local Lunatic Linguist listing letters, let’s lazily luxuriate, losing life’s latest little lingering laments like landlords limit lawless louts’ leases, least-leniently letting long-lost loathsome lecturers lambaste liberated leaders, lucidly laughing: Listen — lending lighthearted levity lubricates lavish labor, launching latent legato lyrics like larynx-lodged lasagna; likewise, licking lollipops; looping leashes loosely; lustily locking lips; lemon-lime lozenges; large-lidded lunch liquids; lastly, low light levels limning luscious landscapes.
More fun is to use tautograms (alliterations) with poetry.
Here is the Human hearts poem by Marinela Reka written in 2010
Honest hearts having hours of
hope, harmony, and health
Heartbroken hearts happen to
handle hurtful hours
Hostile hearts holding
hate, hopelessness, and harm
Helpful hearts helping
humankind hit happiness
Hilarious hearts having
hassle-free happy hours
Another one is On Thriftiness – Poem by Thomas Tusser written in 1573
The thrifty that teacheth the thriving to thrive
Teach timely to traverse, the thing that thou ‘trive.,
Transferring thy toiling, to timeliness taught,
This teacheth thee temp’rance, to temper thy thought,
Take Trusty (to trust to) that thinkest to thee,
That trustily thriftiness trowleth to thee,
That temper thy travell, to tarry the tide;
This teacheth thy thriftiness, twenty times tryed,
Take thankfull thy talent, thank thankfully those
That thriftily teach thee thy time to transpose.
Troth twice to thee teached, teach twenty times ten,
This trade thou that takest, take thrift to thee then.
Another interesting poem that uses each letter of the alphabet written by Alaric Alexander Watts: The Siege of Belgrade
The Siege of Belgrade
An Austrian army, awfully arrayed,
Boldly by battery besieged Belgrade.
Cossack commanders cannonading come,
Dealing destruction’s devastating doom.
Every endeavor engineers essay,
For fame, for fortune fighting – furious fray!
Generals ‘gainst generals grapple – gracious God!
How honors Heaven heroic hardihood!
Infuriate, indiscrminate in ill,
Kindred kill kinsmen, kinsmen kindred kill.
Labor low levels longest, lofiest lines;
Men march ‘mid mounds, ‘mid moles, ‘ mid murderous mines;
Now noxious, noisey numbers nothing, naught
Of outward obstacles, opposing ought;
Poor patriots, partly purchased, partly pressed,
Quite quaking, quickly “Quarter! Quarter!” quest.
Reason returns, religious right redounds,
Suwarrow stops such sanguinary sounds.
Truce to thee, Turkey! Triumph to thy train,
Unwise, unjust, unmerciful Ukraine!
Vanish vain victory! vanish, victory vain!
Why wish we warfare? Wherefore welcome were
Xerxes, Ximenes, Xanthus, Xavier?
Yield, yield, ye youths! ye yeomen, yield your yell!
Zeus’, Zarpater’s, Zoroaster’s zeal,
Attracting all, arms against acts appeal!
Ukrainian language has also examples of alliteration.
Here is poem from Alina Angelska Alliteration
Стихають срібні співи, сипле сумом…
Спадає сонце садом стиглих слив.
Самостність стала сильним-сильним струмом,
Слизькими снами сивий спокій снив.
Суворі сили стежать самовито,
Стихає сам собою стук сердець…
Свіча сльозу спускає соковито,
Стискає скрипку соловей-співець.
Here is Myron Shagalo Poem
Львів листопадиться —
Лісом лисіє. Лисніють листки.
Левами, лавами літа латки.
Additional alliteration poems and other examples of alliteration in Ukrainian can be found here.
Сипле, стеле сад самотній
Сірий смуток — срібний сніг,—
Сумно стогне сонний струмінь.
Серце слуха смертний сміх.
Серед саду смерть сміється,
Сад осінній смуток снить,—
Сонно сиплються сніжинки,
Струмінь стомлено шумить.
Стихли струни, стихли співи,
Срібні співи серенад,—
Срібно стеляться сніжинки —
Спить самотній сад.
Сіре сонце – світанку слід,
сон страшний.. – стократ страшніший світ,
Сироти спокутують спокуси,
спалюючи сіль спітнілих свит.
Спокій скинь солодких сподівань.
Суті смак – сирих самотність стін,
Смерті страх – соромиться старих,
Смеркнув Світ.. став сяяти собі..
Світло спокою скрізь сипле срібло,
Сірість стомлено скидає сіті,
Сіті смутку самотніх сонет,
Сплетені снігом – сивий секрет.
Сутінь сірості сіті стелила,
Сном спокійним сильно сповила,
Світло свічки сховала, спіймала страхи,
Свої співи співала – спи серце, спи.
Стисне солодко сутінь свою самотність,
Сновигатимуть спільно- сірі сторожі.
Сторожі смутку – сп”янілі сни,
Стережуться світанку -світла сурми.
Стелиться світло, скрізь сипле срібло.
Сховає сірість самотності сітку.
Стривожено сутінь спіткнулася слідом-
Стирається світлом, стирається світлом…
Слава славному слов’янству,
Слава строю солдатському,
Слава славному селу,
Сонці слава сіроокій,
Слава своїм слов’янам,
Слава славним синам,
Слава, слава, слава!!!
Спокійний сад сумує срібнолисто,
Світанок сну співає сeрeнади,
Сміється сонцe, сяючи сріблисто,
Сховався смуток сeрeд снігопаду.
Самотній стовбур скрипнути спішиться.
Струсивши світло, станули стовпи.
Смола соснова смужками сочиться.
Співає сойка — соловeйку, спи.
Сміються смачно сливи соковиті,
Сяйливі спeктри схоплюють собі.
Схилились соняхи, сінцeм сповиті,
Спочити сeрeд сірої смути.
Скінчився сeрпeнь, стeрши сни святкові,
Солодкий сум, скрадаючись, сичить.
Сипнуло сонцe смуги світанкові—
Сю силу світ силкується схопить.
Відколи вже її чекаю.
Вона чомусь та й не спішиться.
Вона напевне трішки злиться.
В вікні іще зима гуляє,
Весни до нас не підпускає.
Вітер, сніг, холОдно дуже.
Відлітай від нас зима!
Вже не чує нас вона!
Весна вже зовсім скоро
В полон захопить зиму.
Вернись до нас жадана,
Весна ти довгожданна!!!!!!!!!!!
вічність вітру відкриває вікна
вона вперто вірить відчуттям,
вітражі вирізблюють вітрила
він вторинно вчиться відкриттям.
відкривати віру в воскресіння
вирізати вигадки весни,
вранці варта Відню вередлива –
волонтерство вільне від війни.
Поет полюбив п”яну пані печаль,
Памфлети постійно пані писав,
Плачуть поеми про пристрасть палку,
Про повість покинуту, пісню просту.
Просторі промови придумав поет,
Приправив їх пишний пера пірует,
Пахощі приторні, п”янка пелена,
Пронизливий подих – печалі пиха,
просять поета, портвейн – пригуби
приготована постіль, пильність приспи.
полюбив п”яну пані печальний поет
пише п”яну поему- поетичний портрет…
Перекоти пам’яттю перекотипрах,
Плутай пересмішником пильність попервах.
Плач, пустунко, повінню, плином потічків,
Паводками, піснею перших пастушків,
Підіймайся повагом плаями прагір…
ПерекотивЕсною почуттям повір.
пустота покрила поле,
полем пил паде, поволе…
певно північ перейшла…
певно пала пилина…
пропадає прах прадавній,
порожнієї – північ пала,
перейшла під плахи плід.
потім піде перелогом,
прадавній прах прадіда…
перед пустим правічним полем…
За заходом знову зола,
Золотяться зраджені зазубрини.
Зажурений замучений земляк,
Здоровя зариває землею ЗУНР.
За зроблені заслуги,
За зорові застуди,
Змивати знаки з зап’ястя,
Зректися зрештою зору,
Зникнути звідси зовсім!
Загалом загальна згадка –
Забути зовсім зиму,
За зустріччю знову зустріч.
Закричати заради зради,
Змішати змову і зливу,
Хлопчик хитро хапанув
Хобіт хобіта хвостатого;
Хвалить хвацько хуліган
Хату хмелю хизуватого.
Хто хотів, хапав хорали,
Хлів ховав харчі хронічно;
Терпіла тупу турботу
Тимпаче тепер ти топиш.
Тернисте таке терпіння
Трава травлена тліє.
Тупію ти толковий турок
Тормозиш трепетно тукітом.
Тримаюся… тиждень тону…
Тарганом тиснуся… ти тішишся.
Травонулася? Ти трудився..
Триколірна такаЯ, Тхоряко!!
місяць малює марево млосне,
морок мокріє, маскується місто,
мрія – митець- милується миттю,
мелодія миру майструє молитву.
Напевно ненароком налякав,
Невміло, необачно наполохав.
Нервово ніби небо надірвав,
Неуберігши ніжності нітрохи…
напевно, наші невтомні нерви
нинішньої ночі ніяковіють:
нас називатимуть “нестерпними”,
надокучили неймовірно ніби.
наші недоліки недолічені,
нас називатимуть “нічиї”,
наче неписаних найд неронових.
необережно навшпиньках надвір,
набравшись ніжності, неспокою:
нас називатимуть “неблагонадійні”,
нарікатимуть на неправильні ноти.
навпроти назріватимуть настрої
немочі, нездатності навіть.
нас ніхто не назве “нещасними”
не нав’яже невірний напрям.
Here is also some written stories in Ukrainian using letters P and D:
Популярному перемишльському поету Павлові Петровичу Подільчаку прийшло поштою приємне повідомлення: “Приїздіть, Павле Петровичу, — писав поважний правитель Підгорецького повіту Полікарп Пантелеймонович Паскевич, — погостюєте, повеселитеся”. Павло Петрович поспішив, прибувши першим поїздом. Підгорецький палац Паскевичів привітно прийняв приїжджого поета. Потім під’їхали поважні персони — приятелі Паскевичів… Посадили Павла Петровича поряд панночки — премилої Поліпи Полікарпівни. Поговорили про політику, погоду. Павло Петрович прочитав підібрані пречудові поезії. Поліна Полікарпівна пограла прекрасні полонези Понятовського, прелюдії Пуччіні. Поспівали пісень, потанцювали падеспан, польку. Прийшла пора — попросили пообідати. Поставили повні підноси пляшок: портвейну, плиски, пшеничної, підігрітого пуншу, пива, принесли печені поросята, приправлені перцем, півники, пахучі паляниці, печінковий паштет, пухкі пампушки під печеричною підливою, пироги, підсмажені пляцки. Потім подали пресолодкі пряники, персикове повидло, помаранчі, повні порцелянові полумиски полуниць, порічок. Почувши приємну повноту, Павло Петрович подумав про панночку. Поліна Полікарпівна попросила прогулятися Підгорецьким парком, помилуватись природою, послухати пташині переспіви. Пропозиція повністю підійшла прихмілілому поету. Походили, погуляли … Порослий папороттю прадавній парк подарував приємну прохолоду. Повітря п’янило принадними пахощами. Побродивши парком, пара присіла під пророслим плющем платаном. Посиділи, помріяли, позітхали, пошепталися, пригорнулися. Почувсь перший поцілунок: прощай, парубоче привілля, пора поету приймакувати”.
and one more
Дивний діаріуш Катруся Матвійко, 17.06.2010 року
Даремно день дістався до душі,
Далеко десь дрімає досі диво.
Дванадцять діб дзвенять в душі дощі,
Дванадцять драм… Дванадцять детективів.
Деградувала душа, дожилася до дефектів. Для декодування демагогії душі додали декрещендо. Драма.
Двадцять дивних декорацій. Дія друга. Двоповерховий дім. Димно. До дверей долітає демонічний дискант.
Дощ… Деколорований диск DVD-шника. Деколорована декоратором доля. Дивно, дві деталі деформують душу: дощ і декоративна доля…
Думаєте, дуже довго душа деградувала? Довго… Доти, доки декоратор дій доріс до деміурга.
Діорама діброви. Дерева. Декоративний Діоніс. Душа довірливо дивиться, доторкаючись до дерев, дивується, де декоратор-деміург дістав дивний дендропарк, до депресивного дискомфортний…
Дуель дійсності і добра
Доки добро дрімає, доти дійсність діє, досягає до дна душі, і доти душа деградує, деформується… Добро дослухається до деміурга – дрімає далі… А деміурга давно домігся диявол…(див. Доба 4).
Довгі десятиліття доля дарувала душам дітей диво…
* * *
Деградована душа десь далеко думала, де дістати дарунок долі…
Дитинство давно дійшло до дверей двоповерхового дому, дочекалося деградації душі і демонстративно дематеріалізувалося…
Диво? Доросле диво? Диво доростає до дорослості?
Диво дорого дістається дорослим: дійсність довше деформує душу.
Диво дитинства досить дивне – дивакувате. Де дорослості дістати дивакуватість?…
Двобій добра і дійсності
Допоки дійсність діє, доти добро допомагає душі… До дня, де дійсніть доростає до досвіду…
Душа допитується добра:
– Де ділося диво? Де двері двоповерхового дому? Добро доповідає душі:
– Двері дарують дивакуватість… Дорослий добудовує до дверей декоративний дах, а дах – довірений дісності; добудовує димар, а димар – дає дорогу диму… А далі добудовує і дім, де дуже душно диву…
Дійсність (див. дорослість (див. диявол) ) і диво (див. дитинство (див.добро) ) дуелюватимуть довічно. І двобій довершить доля.
Душа довірилася долі. У долі джокер – дружба з добром. А добро – диво. Душі до дверей двоповерхового дому, де дематеріалізувалося диво, допоможе дістатися доля. Доле, допоможеш?
Дитині- доріжка, дорослому – дорога. Дискримінація?
Дитині – диво, дорослому – дійсніть. Деградація?
* * *
Двоповерховий дім. Догорають дрова. Димно. Душно.
Доля доводить душу до дверей. У домі декоратор доторкається до дерев діорами. Дивується, депресує… (Де деміург? Де диявол?)
Душа дивиться. Даремно допитуватися, де диво. Душа дорослішає.
Двоповерховий дім дорослій душі дорожчий дива… дійсно дорожчий? Душа думає… Дужчає… Думає: ДИВО ДОРОЖЧЕ!!! Де доріжка дитинства? Душа добігає до дверей і дивом дематеріалізується! Дивакувата душа! Дитяча! Десь дивується дарунку долі – ДИВУ…
In summer 2017 I visited School #76 in Lviv and met with my teacher with whom we are connected on Facebook. Natalya Tuldukova was teaching in School #76 for more than 40 years. It was so lovely to re-connect after more than 15 years I graduated from the school and to remember the time when I was a student. Natalya Tuldukova taught me Foreign Literature from Grade 7 until Grade 11. We studied pieces of literature from many countries around the world. I enjoyed all the classes as it allowed me to dream that one day I can travel and see the world where different authors wrote their novels, poems etc.
During my 2017 visit, Natalya Oleksijevna did a tour for me at the School. When I entered the foreign literature classroom, I was surprised to see that the classroom desks were not changed from more than 15 years and there were not many new books on the shelves. We discussed the ways how to find the resources to renovate the classroom. I have learnt that the Government of Lviv only offers 1800 UAH (90 CAD) yearly for all the School to buy new desks which is just enough for 3 desks in one classroom. It will take 7 years to renovate one classroom. The School has 30 classrooms, and each one has 20 desks and 40 chairs. There is no city funding for chairs. Ukraine is still at war against the Russian occupation of its Eastern territories so the national, regional and municipal governments cannot add to the existing funding for education.
I took a couple of pictures and offered to create a GoFundMe campaign. I thought that maybe in 40 years there would be enough alumni who can support the School to renovate the foreign literature classroom. The School has a Facebook group with around 1000 members, so I thought maybe 2 CAD per member and the foreign literature classroom could be renovated faster than waiting years of very limited state support funding. In January I created the campaign which was only for alumni of the School, but we were unsuccessful. Former classmates contributed approximately 300 CAD which was not enough to reach the 2000 CAD goal to buy the desks and GoFundMe refunded to everyone who used the system as I did not set up withdrawals until the goal is met. However, we raised some money through personal donations (approximately 500 CAD), so anyone can still donate directly to Natalya Oleksijevna to reach the original goal.
In summer 2018 I visited Lviv for short time when I was going to Lutsk Conference. I connected with Natalya Oleksijevna again and after reviewing lessons learnt from the original fundraiser offered to check if my Facebook community can help and plan to have a one week fundraiser during my 5th Canadian Birthday with the hope that this time we can raise 500 CAD to buy some classroom supplies for the new academic year.
I haven’t used Facebook as a fundraising tool in the past as I use it more as a professional information and communication sharing channel with my former students, colleagues, classmates and people I met around the world as well as my family communication platform (private messaging). I also use Facebook as an education tool to share my travel experiences and strengthen social work education around the world. Facebook also did not allow me to create a personal fundraiser through their platform as it is not benefiting me directly, so I used GoFundMe tool again, but instead of School alumni network, I posted a link on my Facebook page.
I am very fortunate that I have people on my Facebook who check it regularly and were able to support the campaign. We were successful through the generous donations of my Canadian and Ukrainian family and friends to raise the needed funds.
On August 8th I visited the School and pass all money raised (500 CAD=10000 UAH which is approximately five years of government funding for desks to the entire School ) to my teacher so she can buy the needed School supplies. I also went to the local bookstore and got one copy of all the books for foreign language curriculum grades 5-11 so students who might not be able to afford the textbooks will have an extra copy in the classroom to keep learning.
Natalya Oleksijevna was very happy and asked me to take more pictures to make sure that all the donors know that the money was transferred successfully and asked me to thank all the people who used personal funds to support her classroom. She also asked me to write the story of the fundraiser and hope that more school alumni can visit the School and be part of the community.
Fundraisers are a great tool to support the individual causes. However, they are not sustainable solutions for existing problems in School educational system in Ukraine. Fundraisers can help raise awareness about concerns and might achieve their goals, but more structural changes are needed in Ukraine to create adequate School funding system. The future generation of Ukrainians needs to have access to the classroom spaces with modern equipment and teachers have salaries sufficient to focus on their key responsibilities to research and to share their knowledge and to inspire younger generations to succeed in life. I hope one day that system will be built in Ukraine. Until then fundraising efforts are necessary to keep raising awareness about the challenges of current educational processes and educating the future generation of kids.
I am grateful to all those who donated to the 5th Canadian Birthday fundraiser and supported the needed effort to keep promoting foreign literature education in School #76 in Lviv. Your generosity and caring I will treasure for life. I am grateful that in Canada I have a privilege to teach and research and is not required to fundraise for classroom supplies. I hope the Government of Canada on all levels will keep strengthening its funding for education as there are still a lot of inequities in access of education services in Canada that require structural changes. Fundraisers remind us that we can all make positive changes in a way we can in many parts of the world.
PS: Thanks to my former students I have learnt about the e-transfer system, so in future, I do not plan to use GoFundMe platform to maximize the direct transfer of funds without having a third party involved. However, I enjoyed the transparency of GoFundMe system. For all future donations to Nataliya Tuldukova classroom, please connect directly to her via her Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100015044537465.
Anyone has an idea for 6th Canadian Birthday Fundraiser (up to 600 CAD), please let me know as I am grateful to be living in Canada and thanks to having the support of my Canadian family and friends together we can make a small difference in many parts of the world.
Touchdown 21: Switzerland-Canada Connection.
By Oleksandr (Sasha) Kondrashov When I recently visited Switzerland I attended the Touchdown21 Exhibition in Bern and met Dr. Katja de Bragança and Anne Leichtfuß and learn more about TOUCHDOWN21 research project that is made by people with Down syndrome, and is about people with Down Syndrome. The research team collects information and wants to look at this topic from many different angles and to bring together people who are thinking about this topic.
I decided to add the update from Canadian Social Work Educator knowledge base on current research in Canada related to people with Down Syndrome. I researched resources and included multiple hyperlinks to share with Katja and Anne and contribute to the TOUCHDOWN 21 research project through my blog space. I will keep updating this post, so please feel free to send me more links and information to keep raising awareness about lives of people with Down Syndrome in Canada and around the world.
The Canadian Down Syndrome Society (CDSS) is a non-profit organization that provides Down syndrome advocacy in Canada. CDSS works with 45,000 Canadians who have Down syndrome, has 50 local groups, and 12 Affiliate organizations. CDSS was established in 1987 to provide support to and advocacy for families and people with Down syndrome. CDSS organize the Canadian Down Syndrome Conference to act as a platform to share current developments and information from experts in their respective fields, as they relate to Down syndrome.
CDSS also organizes Go21 movement that focuses on positive momentum for people with Down syndrome and their families in Canada. 21 refer to the extra chromosomal material from the 21st chromosome that determines if a person has Down syndrome. The Down syndrome community identifies with 21 as a unique number that stands out.
Another awareness raising campaign was launched by The Canadian Down Syndrome Society and FCB’s “Down Syndrome Answers” to use YouTube videos to answer parents’ common questions and dispel misconceptions about Down syndrome. If you want to learn the “S” word campaign and how Canadian Down Syndrome Society fights the ‘S’ word visit this page.
CDSS has a goal to educate everyone about the great things that people with Down syndrome can – and do – accomplish. Check CDSS resources page and watch the documentary “See the Ability” where eleven exceptional adults with Down syndrome want Canadians to see the ability, celebrate diversity, and picture the possibilities. Kaitlin Atkinson Family Resource Library also created a resource page on Down syndrome. Children Supports Solutions offer their list of resources for parents here. Sick Kids in Toronto also provides a comprehensive Resource Directory for Children and Youth with Down Syndrome Toronto
One can also read Terri Coles article All The Ways People With Down Syndrome Contribute To Society written on March 21 which is World Down Syndrome Day where author discusses how attitudes about Down syndrome have shifted considerably in recent decades.More information about World Down Syndrome Day and Canadian contributions can be found here. Canadian Down Syndrome Awareness Week is in November. One can also visit Provincial Down Syndrome Societies and local organization. The complete list is available online.
Another inspiring article by Isabelle Khoo that focuses on Canadian Photo Series “Better With You” to challenge stereotypes about the disorder.
Abilities magazine has also dedicated section about living with Down Sydnrome.
Globe and Mail article A perfect fit for those with Down syndrome focuses on Downs Designs Dreams company, special clothing for people with Down Syndrome. Their Kickstarter campaign is available online
A research brief Down syndrome and Alzheimer’s disease is offered by Alzheimer Society of Canada and provides information on supports for people who have Down Syndrome and Alzheimer’s.
An incomplete and expanding list of people with Down Syndrome is available on Wikipedia.
One can also read Downs: the History of a Disability book by David Wright that traces the social and medical evolution of the condition, while also shedding light on one of society’s most derided mental disabilities.
Canadian Medical Association in 2008 published an article by Renate Lindeman Take Down syndrome out of the abortion debate where the author states: “At the end of the day, when I look at my daughters, April and Hazel, both living with Down syndrome, I don’t see the genetically flawed children that prenatal screening is trying to eliminate. I see kind-hearted, happy children who are giants in loving and living, who enrich our human genetic diversity and who teach me and everyone they meet what it is to truly feel.”
An article that focuses on assistive technology for people with down syndrome provides an overview of how technology impacts students with down syndrome in Bahrain. Alammary, J., Al-Haiki, F., & Al-Muqahwi, K. (2017). The Impact of Assistive Technology on Down Syndrome Students in Kingdom of Bahrain. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 16(4), 103-119.
Additional articles on current research in Canada include
Beyzaei, N., Stockler, S., McKenna, D., Hanbury, P., Chan, M., Tse, E., … & Ipsiroglu, O. (2017). Comorbidities and access to health care in a Canadian cohort of individuals with down syndrome. Sleep Medicine, 40, e142.
After conducting the study the researchers are developing a Down syndrome medical care app for parents to enable them “(i) the gathering of core descriptive symptoms and (ii) to optimize clinical care management by standardizing recommended healthcare investigations and connect professionals across sub-specialties and multiprofessional teams” (p.e142).
Tse, E., Marwaha, A., Beyzaei, N., Berger, M., Chan, M., McKenna, D., … & Ipsiroglu, O. (2017). Sleep problems in children with down syndrome. Sleep Medicine, 40, e142.
After conducting the study in AB, BC and ON provinces researchers suggest bridging the gaps by enabling parents to “share observation-based symptoms in a structured way with involved professionals using a DS medical care app” (p.e142).
Schroeder, H. L., Joanes, M., Small, A., & Maramraj, R. (2015). Down syndrome and quality of life: A case report. International Journal of Medical Students, 3(2), 112-114.
After reviewing one case study researchers concluded that “Multiple medical interventions, along with strong family support, positively contributed to the patient’s quality of life. Therapies targeting cognition could result in the maintenance of quality of life and, ultimately, lower health care costs.”
Colozzo, P., McKeil, L., Petersen, J. M., & Szabo, A. (2016). An early literacy program for young children with Down syndrome: changes observed over one year. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 13(2), 102-110.
The researchers describe an early intervention literacy program with 15 English speaking Canadian students with DS aged 3–6 years. This study provides support for “literacy interventions that combine phonological awareness, word analysis, sight word training, and shared book reading with children with DS as young as 3 years of age with varying levels of language development”.
As one honours every victim of the Humboldt tragedy it is important to remember that every life matters. The Humboldt Broncos tragedy demonstrates that Canadians expression of care, love and share can be limitless. It is critical to apply the same ideas of expressing care, love and share to every tragedy when the life of human beings abruptly ends. Here is the list of some of the recently media identified human tragedies in Canada and beyond that involve children death:
- At the same time as Humboldt tragedy three separate crashes involving school buses in the last two days, including one that left a motorist dead, have Ontario provincial police pleading for drivers to pay more attention.
- On April 9 Indian school bus plunges into gorge, ‘killing 27 children’ Most of the passengers were below the age of 10, police said. The bus driver and two teachers were also killed in the accident on Monday evening.
- An Ottawa-area teen with a rare and painful skin condition was remembered Friday as a strong, determined advocate who worked to raise awareness about the disease while displaying a remarkable enthusiasm for life. Jonathan Pitre, who died this week, pushed for a better understanding of epidermolysis bullosa, or EB, his mother said, calling her 17-year-old a “fearless warrior.”
- Earlier in March Krassimira Pejcinovski, 39, and her son Roy Pejcinovski, 15, were found dead inside their home in Ajax on March 15. Her daughter Venallia, 13, was taken to a trauma centre but died of injuries later that evening.
- Two children died from flu-related illnesses on Friday, Feb. 9, 2018 in Guelph.
- 4 children dead in Nova Scotia house fire in January 2018.
- Between 2003 and 2012, over 5,500 Canadians shot and killed themselves.
- Teen killed herself at a foster home in Manitoba in January 2018
- The bodies of Chloe Berry, 6, and her sister Aubrey, 4, were found in an Oak Bay apartment on Christmas Day in British Columbia.
- Nine more children known to New Brunswick’s child welfare system have died, CBC News has learned. Seven of the deaths happened over the last 12 months, while two more children died in late 2016, according to new figures from the province’s child death review committee.
- 23 to 25 youth in Canada die from firearms injuries.
- Nearly 1 in 4 civilians killed in Syria is a child, Lancet study says More than 17,000 children killed by weapons, as air bombs kill 5 times more civilians than combatants
- Save the Children says 130 children die every day in Yemen.
- 1 million newborns die the day they are born, UNICEF report says.
The list of human tragedies is much bigger than those identified, many of the losses of human lives are not covered in the media but hopefully, every person who dies is remembered with dignity and their families, friends receive the supports they need. Canadians show how to demonstrate support as a result of the recent Humboldt bus crash (Humboldt Broncos: How Canadians and the world responded to the tragedy). It is critical to respond with the same level of care, share and love to every victim in Canada and around the world.
The biggest takeaway: life is short and can change really fast. Dr. Alastair McAlpine has a perspective on life many aspire to but it’s one he’s earned doing a heart-wrenching job. McAlpine cares for children in their dying days at Paedspal, a paediatric palliative program in Cape Town, South Africa. Alastair suggests spending life “doing the things you love with the people you love and tell those people that you love them. And I think if you do all of those things, I think you will look back on your life — whether it’s ending today or ending in many many years time — I think you’ll look back with gratitude and joy”.
Keep living, learning and remembering human tragedies and finding ways to respond to them keeping in mind the dignity and worth of every human being. Every human life matters!
Contra Spem Spero
Oleksandr (Sasha) Kondrashov
Faculty of Education and Social Work
Thompson Rivers University
Canadians from coast to coast to coast are finding ways to respond to the recent tragedy: a bus crash that carried the hockey team from Humboldt Saskatchewan. Here is the list of 20+ ideas on what can be done after the bus trip ends with the tragic death of 15 confirmed young adults.
- Keep staying hopeful: Out of Humboldt Broncos tragedy will come hope . The first idea comes from the producer.com website and suggests that “very few of us will make it through life without knowing tragedy. We are never prepared for it, and when it comes, it comes with disbelief and unbearable sadness. Our world stops. And so we watched in shock last Friday as the small city of Humboldt, Sask., coped with the death of 15 people and injuries to 14 others after their Jr. A Broncos hockey team bus collided with a semi-trailer north of Tisdale while on the way to a playoff game against the Nipawin Hawks. The depth of the tragedy — the loss of so many young people, their coaches, the team’s statistician, the radio broadcaster, the bus driver — was overwhelming. The Broncos roster has players aged 16 to 21 from all over Western Canada”. Despite the tragic events the author offers hope by stating that “the most tangible evidence of strength came in a single photograph of three Broncos players lying side-by-side in their hospital beds, holding hands”.
- Organize GoFundMe campaign. Sylvie Kellington, a resident of Humboldt, Saskatchewan who has a son that played for the Broncos Bantam A team just this past season organized a GoFundMe campaign that keeps raising 6.5+Million dollars to support affected families. ‘Funds for Humboldt Broncos’ topped by only four other campaigns, including Time’s Up Legal Defense Fund. Share your support by donating to the campaign.
- Sign Donor Card: Logan Boulet, a Humboldt Broncos player from Lethbridge who was injured in a deadly bus crash on Friday, has been taken off life support, and the organ donation surgeries have been completed to help six
- Participate in NHL Moment of Silence: In the NHL league’s final weekend of the regular season, several teams honoured the victims and their families Saturday night. Their tributes ranged from a moment of silence to the Winnipeg Jets and Chicago Blackhawks wearing “Broncos” on the backs of their jerseys.
- Listen to the stories: CBC’s Susan Ormiston shares stories of survivors and victims of the Humboldt Broncos crash
- Remember the names of the victims: The list of people who died when a bus carrying a Canadian junior hockey team collided with a tractor-trailer on a highway in Saskatchewan is available online.
- Avoid misidentification: Saskatchewan Justice Ministry spokesman Drew Wilby said authorities realised the mistake late on Sunday night and both the Tobin and Labelle families have since been informed. “I can’t imagine putting myself in those families’ shoes to first get the notice that their loved ones had been in a collision of this nature and to find out who they had thought was their loved one wasn’t actually their loved one,” he told reporters. Mr Wilby said he was limited by Canadian privacy laws in offering more information that could explain the misidentification.
- Drive safe and stay safe on the road: Every year, thousands of teenage athletes travel millions of miles by bus in search of their dreams. Anybody who has been on one of these bus trips knows they can be long, tedious trips often on isolated, dark highways. In minor sports, travelling between far-flung outposts by bus is usually where one learns about their teammates and deep bonds are forged. Travel is a fact of life for sports teams, both tiresome and enjoyable, Rosie DiManno writes. After the unthinkable tragedy in Saskatchewan, there is no solace in the randomness of fate.
- Know the history and plan for the future: Canadian highways have borne witness to several fatal crashes – and for a number of them, the trauma has not faded over the years.
- Take action in your local community: In Manitoba at Acadia Junior High, the school made it a mission to recognize the tragedy, making ribbons, a multi-media presentation with information about the events, and holding a moment of silence. The Saint John Sea Dogs hockey team in Maritimes is inviting people to sign a book of condolences at Harbour Station starting on Tuesday at noon until 5 p.m. on Friday. Halifax City Hall will be lit up in the Humboldt Broncos‘ team colours on Monday in recognition of the recent deaths of 15 people in Saskatchewan. At the Bean Counter in Williams Lake, all proceeds this week from the sale of a medium drip coffee will be donated to the Broncos. May there be some small comfort for the bereaved in knowing that all of Canada now knows Humboldt as a town of grace and humanity. “All of Canada will remember the Broncos in the flower of their youth and promise”.
- Leave Hockey Sticks on the doorsteps: Hundreds of photos of hockey sticks – propped beside front doors and on porches – have appeared on social media in response to the hashtag #PutYourStickOut, in honour of the Humboldt Broncos junior hockey team devastated by Friday’s collision.
- Wear Green: Students and people across Canada wear green to honour Humboldt victims
- Donate Blood: On Saturday morning, just hours after the team bus carrying the Broncos crashed into a semi-trailer, dozens of people were lined up outside Saskatoon’s Blood Service Clinic to support victims. Locals reported that the clinic had reached its capacity over the weekend—only accepting walk-ins from rural folks, while city-dwellers were forced to make an appointment.
- Set up support session for those affected by Humboldt tragedy in your local community agency. The meeting is not intended to provide counselling but will cover the following topics: (1) How incidents like Humboldt can impact people (2) How different people process traumatic experiences (3) How to manage vicarious trauma of exposure to social media (4) How a person can work through these experiences in a healthy way
- Return to Humboldt as a Former Player to offer support: Once a Humboldt Bronco, always a Humboldt Bronco. Bronco Strong. Those terms took on more meaning than ever as former players spanning from the time the team was established in 1970 to present day gathered. And it was even more meaningful to John Kirzinger and his son Matthew, who both proudly wore No. 20 for the Broncos with 30 years between their tenures.
- Be professional always: Code Orange: Emergency room in ‘organized chaos’ after Humboldt Broncos bus crash. Hassan Masri was working the night shift at Royal University Hospital in Saskatoon when a code for mass casualties was called in response to a bus crash carrying the Humboldt Broncos hockey team. Saskatchewan Health Authority has also deployed mental health counselling supports to the community of Humboldt as it continues to grieve.
- Fly people: WestJet family in Saskatchewan and across Canada is in shock after hearing of the tragic accident involving the Humboldt Broncos hockey team last night. “In times of tragedies like this, it is our collective duty to step up and help. We are in communication with the Broncos organization and have offered to support them however we can”. Air Canada posted on Facebook: “The terrible tragedy in Humboldt has shocked all of us. Words cannot express the heartbreak the families & friends of these young people are going through. Our thoughts & prayers are with everyone. If you need to fly to SK, pls contact our call centres for further assistance”.
- Browse photos to remember: Compelling images show the small Saskatchewan city of Humboldt coming to grips with an unimaginable tragedy as an entire nation mourns the deaths of 15 people in Friday’s horrific bus crash
- Accept global thoughts, prayers and actions: The Ukrainian men’s national ice hockey team placed flowers outside the Canadian embassy in Kyiv, Ukraine in honour of those who lost their lives in the Humboldt Broncos bus crash on Friday. The Queen and Prince Philip have sent their “thoughts and prayers” in the aftermath of a Saskatchewan bus crash that killed 15 people.”Prince Philip and I were saddened to hear word of the crash involving the Humboldt Broncos hockey team. Our thoughts and prayers are with those who have lost so much, with their families and with all Canadians who grieve with them at this difficult time,” the Queen wrote in a statement released on Sunday.
- Use art to express your emotions: On social media, some people are sharing artwork inspired by the junior hockey team to show their support and condolences to those affected. The images, which are being shared using the hashtag #humboldtstrong, capture the pain and heartbreak felt across the country.
- Attend the vigil: All levels of government were present. ‘We will find strength in each other’: Thousands including PM Justin Trudeau gather at the home of the Humboldt Broncos to honour the 15 victims of the tragic junior hockey team bus crash in Canada
Keep the list going as it applied to every human tragedy! There are many ways how each of us can show love, care and compassion to human tragedy.
Oleksandr (Sasha) Kondrashov, PhD
Faculty of Education and Social Work
Thompson Rivers University
Manitoba is becoming more unfriendly towards international students.
International students should forget about “Friendly Manitoba” motto. In 2017 budget, Manitoba Conservative Government already eliminated the Tuition Fee Income Tax Rebate for the 2018 tax year that was designed to encourage students to work and live in Manitoba. The new initiative of the current Conservative government to eliminate universal health coverage for international students starting from September 2018 sends a powerful message to future international students: Manitoba does not want you to stay in the province and will not care for your health needs when you study in the province.
International students already pay triple tuition fees in comparison to domestic students in Manitoba. Now in addition to excessive tuition fee costs, they are required to cover their health insurance that will add minimum 2500 CAD per year according to CBC Manitoba for basic coverage. Based on the University of Manitoba data, international students constitute over 16% of the total student population that after new changes in social policy might decrease in the future.
International students should say to the Manitoba Government we have enough of cuts and move to study in other provinces with more comprehensive provincial health coverage. Fortunately, in other provinces like British Columbia, international students are eligible for provincial coverage and pay the same rates as British Columbia residents. The current NDP government in BC plans to eliminate health premiums for all British Columbian by 2020. There are no longer any benefits for international students to study in Manitoba, where universities charge triple tuition fees, the government says no to universal health care and do not encourage students to stay and work in Manitoba after graduation via tax rebate. When other provinces make their nominee programs more open to international students, there will be no reason to consider Manitoba as the future destination for any international students.
The rest of Canada is trying to attract the top best students from around the world and implementing programs that focus on needs of international students, not cuts of services to save money. For example, Council of Ontario Universities reminds local politicians that “International students bring a significant economic boost to the province, contributing less than $3 billion annually to Ontario’s economy”. A 2012 federal government report indicates that international students pursuing their education in Canada generate 81,000 jobs and more than $445 million in government revenue. Manitoba Government suggests that it will save 3 million per year by eliminating health care for international students.
Manitobans also have another solution to stop the current government from implementing unsustainable changes: to elect a different government that will reverse recent policy changes for international students. Unfortunately, international students do not have a voice in policy-making as they are not eligible to vote and apparently, Manitobans who elected the current government do not want future international students to feel welcomed in the Province. The Pallister Government is already harming many vulnerable groups by introducing multiple cuts to social, education, and health programs. International students are the next victim of Manitoba Conservative Government. Goodbye Friendly Manitoba and Welcome Greedy Manitoba. Are Manitobans ready for the new motto?
Dr Oleksandr Kondrashov
Former International Student at the University of Manitoba
Assistant Professor at the Thompson Rivers University
Faculty of Education and Social Work